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The Mechanism And Effect of Bio-Organic Fertilizer-Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Bio-organic fertilizer is very effective

Bio-organic fertilizer is organic solid waste (including organic waste, straw, livestock and poultry manure, cake, agricultural and sideline products, and solid waste from food processing) that is processed by biological fertilizer strains after fermentation, deodorization and complete decomposing. . It can regulate the soil, activate the activity rate of microorganisms in the soil, overcome soil compaction, and increase soil air permeability. Bio-organic fertilizer can also improve the fertility of the soil and greatly increase the production of food crops, cash crops, vegetables, and fruits.

Whole bio organic fertilizer production line

The process of making bio-organic fertilizer

The production of bio-organic fertilizer for animal manure can be divided into two methods: static processing and dynamic processing. Generally, the method used by households to make organic fertilizer is static processing, which is simple in method, easy to operate, low investment, and suitable for small-scale farming specialized households to operate.

  • Preparation of raw materials and auxiliary materials

Choose a piece of land with a flat ground and no water accumulation, and stack the livestock and poultry manure and auxiliary materials separately. Generally, granular or powdered wheat bran, peanut shell powder, etc. are used as main auxiliary materials. If you use corn stalks, cotton stalks, etc. as auxiliary materials, you must first cut them into lengths of 5-10 cm. Too long will make mixing inconvenient. The purpose of adding auxiliary materials is to adjust the water content and carbon-nitrogen ratio of chicken manure and increase the air permeability of the fermented product.

complete organic fertilizer production line

  • Operation steps

Sprinkle the bacteria evenly on the prepared chicken manure and stir evenly. During the mixing process, the moisture content of livestock and poultry manure should be adjusted to about 60%. If the water content is too high, it is necessary to sprinkle auxiliary materials such as wheat bran and corn stalks on the livestock and poultry manure to reduce the water content of the raw materials. If the water content is too low, you should add fresh raw materials or sprinkle some water. Stack the mixed materials on the fermentation platform in a stack, at this time, the height is about 1-1.2 meters.

  • Management of fermentation process

During the fermentation process, the control of temperature is very important. The temperature is too low to reach the maturity standard. When the temperature is too high, the nutrients in the compost are easily lost. Turn the pile properly when the temperature reaches about 60 degrees.

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Requirements for fermentation temperature and time:

After composting, the raw materials enter the first fermentation stage. It will automatically heat up to above 55°C and maintain it for 5 to 7 days. At this time, most of the parasite eggs and harmful bacteria can be eliminated, reaching the harmless treatment standard. Turn the pile once in about 2 to 3 days, which is conducive to ventilation, heat dissipation, and even decomposing. After 7-10 days of fermentation, the temperature in the compost drops below 40°C, and the color of the bio-organic fertilizer changes to dark brown or yellow-brown. The organic fertilizer inside the compost has a large amount of white mycelium attached to the surface, which is odorless and has a slight ammonia smell, which has reached the maturity standard, and can be directly used as a base fertilizer or top dressing in the field.

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  • Matters needing attention in the fermentation process

In the process of manufacturing bio-organic fertilizer by static method, attention should be paid to:

Covering the surface of the fermented material with a layer of about 10 cm of finely chopped straw or sprinkling a layer of calcium persulfate can reduce the evaporation of ammonia and avoid the loss of nutrients. In case of strong wind during the fermentation process, the top should be covered with breathable materials such as straw to reduce the evaporation of water and the loss of temperature. Livestock manure is stored for too long or there are more straws and weeds in the manure, and there is less manure. You can add some rapeseed meal, urea or fresh livestock manure to increase the nitrogen content, increase the carbon-nitrogen ratio, and speed up the fermentation speed. , Improve the quality of fertilizer. The pH value of the compost should be controlled at 5.5-8.5. If the pH value of the compost is lower than 5.5, it is too acidic and can be adjusted by adding quicklime appropriately. It is necessary to avoid making bio-organic fertilizer in the open air during the rainy season to prevent the moisture from being too high. If there is high moisture content and poor air permeability during the, a few straws can be inserted in the middle of the fermentation pile to help air permeability.

Complete sets of machines for bio fertilizer production line

Bio organic compost production line is a kind of compost which has the function of both microbial compost and organic compost. It is composed of specific functional microorganisms and organic matter, mainly used to remove plant residues (such as livestock manure, crop straw, etc.) After harmless treatment and decomposition.

The production method and operation process of bio organic compost are as follows:

  1. The first step in the production process of bio organic compost: the total dosage of selected strains is 0.2% – 0.5%.
  2. Production process of bio organic compost: preparation and requirements of raw and auxiliary materials:
  3. Main ingredients: fruit residue, dry bagasse, edible fungus residue, distiller’s grains, sugar residue, vinegar residue, starch residue, cassava residue, citric acid residue, soy sauce residue, monosodium glutamate residue, powder residue, bean curd residue, drug residue, oil residue, oil cake, bran, cottonseed meal, moldy feed, sludge, brewery’s residue, slaughterhouse residue, Ho water (s water), Leftover food, human and animal manure and other materials.

How to turn theses machines into bio composts, go to

  1. Auxiliary materials: all kinds of crop straws, leaves and weeds, melons and vines, straw, pine hull, peanut hull, sawdust, rice husk powder, rice bran, etc. can be dried, crushed and made into high carbon.
  2. The proportion of main materials and auxiliary materials is 5:1-3:1.
  3. The production process of bio organic compost production line is divided into three steps: the water content should be controlled at 60-65%, and the water can only come out by hand holding materials in groups. Bacteria, main materials and auxiliary materials should be mixed evenly. The ambient temperature should be higher than 15 ℃. The stacking area of materials shall not be less than 4 square meters, the width shall be 1.5-2 meters, the height shall be 0.6 meters, and the length shall not be limited.
  4. The production process of bio organic compost is divided into four steps: composting should be turned at 50 ℃ once a day. If the chimney temperature exceeds 65 ℃, it will be overturned again. The temperature will be controlled below 70 ℃. The temperature of composting will be lower, the material will be loose, the material will not have the original smell, and there will be a little ammonia smell. White hyphae are produced in the pile and decompose.